Cervical Disc Degeneration and Myelopathy: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options

What is Cervical disc Degeneration and Myelopathy?

Cervical disc refers to the discs located between the vertebrae in the neck or cervical spine. These discs act as shock absorbers and allow for movement of the neck. However, when a disc becomes damaged or degenerated, it can  cause pain and other symptoms in the neck, shoulders, arms, and hands.  This condition is known as cervical disc disease. 

Myelopathy, on the other hand, refers to a neurological disorder caused by compression or injury to the spinal cord in the neck region. 

Symptoms of Cervical Myelopathy:

The symptoms of cervical myelopathy may vary depending on the severity and location of the spinal cord compression. Some common symptoms include:

  1. Neck pain and stiffness 
  2. Numbness, tingling, or weakness in the arms, hands, or fingers 
  3. Difficulty with fine motor skills, such as writing or buttoning clothes 
  4. Loss of coordination and balance 
  5. Difficulty walking or changes in gait 
  6. Muscle spasms or cramping in the arms and legs 

Causes of Cervical Myelopathy:

The most common cause of cervical myelopathy is degenerative changes in the spine, such as herniated discs, osteoarthritis, or spinal stenosis. Other potential causes include:

  1. Trauma or injury to the neck:  This can result in damage to the spinal cord or discs.
  2. Tumors:  Abnormal growths in the spine can compress the spinal cord and cause myelopathy. 
  3. Inflammatory conditions:  Conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis or ankylosing spondylitis can cause inflammation and damage to the spinal cord.
  4. Congenital conditions:  Some individuals may be born with a narrow spinal canal or other structural abnormalities that can lead to myelopathy. 

In order to determine the root cause of Myelopathy and find an appropriate solution, a proper diagnosis is necessary. Seeking medical advice from a doctor is recommended. Book an appointment with Dr. Rajesh verma, the best spine surgeon in Gurgaon and Delhi NCR.  He will perform a thorough physical examination and may order imaging tests such as X-rays, MRI, or CT scan to diagnose the underlying cause of your symptoms. Treatment options will depend on the severity of the condition and may include medication, physical therapy, or surgery. Early diagnosis and treatment are crucial in preventing further damage to the spinal cord and improving symptoms.

Conservative Treatments for Cervical Myelopathy: 

The treatment for cervical myelopathy depends on the severity of the condition and the underlying cause. Some common treatment options include:

    1. Medications:  Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and muscle relaxants may be prescribed to help manage pain and inflammation. 
    2. Soft Cervical Collar:  Wearing a soft cervical collar can help provide support and limit movement in the neck, which can alleviate symptoms. 
    3. Physical therapy:  A physical therapist can design a customized exercise program to help improve strength, flexibility, and mobility in the neck and upper body.
    4. Steroid injections:  Corticosteroid injections may be used to reduce inflammation and pain in the affected area.

    Exercises to improve Cervical Myelopathy condition:

    Physical therapy exercises can help improve symptoms of cervical myelopathy and prevent further deterioration of the spine. Some recommended exercises include:

    Neck stretches:

    Gently stretching the neck in different directions can help improve flexibility and reduce stiffness.

    Shoulder rolls: 

    Rolling the shoulders forward and backward can help improve mobility and reduce tension in the neck and shoulders. 

    Chin tucks:  

    Tucking the chin towards the chest can help strengthen the neck muscles and improve posture. 

    Low-impact aerobic exercises: 

    Activities such as swimming, walking, or cycling can help improve overall fitness and reduce pressure on the spine.

    Surgical Treatment

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    If you are looking for the best Spine Surgeon in Gurgaon and Delhi NCR, consult Dr. Rajesh Verma.  He is a renowned spine surgeon with years of experience in treating various spinal conditions, including cervical myelopathy. With his expertise and advanced treatment options, he can help you find relief from your symptoms and improve your quality of life. Also checkout the success stories  of his patients who have received successful treatment from him. Don’t let cervical myelopathy limit your daily activities, seek medical help and get back to a pain-free life.

    Take the first step towards relief and

    reclaim your mobility.

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